This country shares its borders with China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It has high deposits of gold and other rarely found metals.

Majority of the landmass of the country is covered with mountains which are about 80% of the total area and leaves little scope for cultivation. Issyk-Kul Lake is thelargest mountain lake in the country.

The terrain of this country makes the country often referred to as the Switzerland of Central Asia.