Is it really possible to improve your memory? If you’ve ever found yourself forgetting or blanking out information on important tests or exams then you have probably wished that your memory was a bit better. Fortunately, there are plenty of things that you can do to help improve your memory.
According to one of the most popular German psychologist, Mr. Hermann Ebbinghaus, if you want to remember things and don’t want to forget the information easily then you should follow these 3 steps.
- Read, write or listen to the information or the data carefully to understand the things.
- Revise it after every 24 hours, i.e. on the next day revisit the information or the data which you have collected, listened to or noted down. This will help you to retain 80% to 90% of the knowledge.
- Maintain a proper index of all the topics which you have to study and after one week just revise the information again just only for 5 minutes. You will find that following this revision pattern you can almost retain 100% of the knowledge.
According to this famous psychologist, the brain follows a certain pattern of storage which is evident from his research on the “curve of forgetting” which is also known as the “Ebbinghaus curve”.
So try revising your studies and concepts at these durations only and, if this pattern is followed for the studies, then you will never forget. You can also share the information at these durations with your friends which will boost your knowledge. You will always remember the things you have learnt and shared with others.
Other than the scientific study and revision strategy, one can also utilize these Cognitive Psychology Techniques to improve your memory retention. These 11 research-proven strategies can effectively improve memory, enhance recall, and increase retention of information-:
- Focus Your Attention- Attention is one of the major components of memory. In order for information to move from your short-term memory into your long-term memory, you need to actively attend to this information.
- Avoid Cramming– Students who study regularly remember the material far better than those who do all of their studying in one marathon session.
- Structure and Organise- Researchers have found that information is organized in memory in related clusters. You can take advantage of this by structuring and organizing similar concepts and terms together.
- Utilize Mnemonic Devices– A mnemonic is simply a way to remember information. For example, you might associate a term you need to remember with a common item that you are very familiar with.
- Elaborate and Rehearse– In order to recall information, you need to encode what you are studying into long-term memory. One of the most effective encoding techniques is known as the elaborative rehearsal.
- Visualize Concepts– Pay attention to the photographs, charts, and other graphics in your textbooks. Draw charts or figures in the margins of your notes or use highlighters or pens in different colours to group related ideas in your written study materials.
- Relate new Information to Things you already Know– By establishing relationships between new ideas and previously existing memories, you can dramatically increase the likelihood of recalling the recently learned information.
- Read Out Loud– Research suggests that reading materials out loud significantly improves your memory of the material.
- Pay Extra Attention To Difficult Information- Try restructuring what you have learned so it will be easier to remember. When you come across an especially difficult concept, devote some extra time to memorizing the information.
- Vary your Study Routine– If you’re accustomed to studying in one specific location, try moving to a different spot during your next study session. If you study in the evening, try spending a few minutes each morning.
- Get Some Sleep– Researchers have long known that sleep is important for memory and learning. Research has shown that taking a nap after you learn something new can actually help you learn faster and remember better.